The prevailing laws of Bangladesh can be mainly divided into three categories. Namely:
  1. The Penal Code
  2. The Code of Criminal Procedure, and
  3. The Code of Civil Procedure.

The Code of Criminal Procedure and the Penal Code are not separate self-contained laws, they are interdependent. However apart from these, different special laws have been created at different times.


The following is a brief description of the various laws

1. The Penal Code

The penal code provides information on the crime and punishment of the crime. There are a total of 511 sections in the Penal Code, many of which have sub-sections. In which of the sections the description or definition of the crime is given and in which the amount of punishment for the crime is given. The first Indian penal code was introduced in 1860. The penal code is called the basic law of a country.

If you happy to know details sections about the Penal Code then visit the following link:
CONTENTS (The Penal Code, 1860)

2. The Code of Criminal Procedure

How to investigate a crime, the provision of arrest-land and how to conduct a trial is known through the Code of Criminal Procedure. There are a total of 565 sections in the Code of Criminal Procedure, many of which have sub-sections. From January 12, the Code of Criminal Procedure came into force. Later, various amendments were brought, some sections were repealed at different times.

There are more things in the Code of Criminal Procedure, some measures are available in criminal law so that crime does not happen. The fourth part of the Code of Criminal Procedure is dedicated to crime prevention.

3. The Code of Civil Procedure

On the other hand, the police have no direct involvement in the Code of Civil Proceedings. Those that are not criminal offenses are simply taken under Civil Court. Disputes over houses, land-deposits, financial transactions, etc are covered by the Civil Court.

The Code of Civil Procedure mentions how the civil court will conduct its proceedings. It can be broadly divided into two parts: Procedure and Order. Each order again has more than one rule.

Important Info about Bangladesh Bar Council

What is the difference between the Penal Code and The Code of Criminal Procedure

The Code of Criminal Procedure and The Penal Code are basically one and the same. The first civilizations generally did not distinguish between civil law and criminal law. It acts as a complementary law to each other.

The Code of Criminal Procedure deals with wrongs against society, their investigation, prosecution, litigation and the defense of the person accused. On the other hand, The Penal Code deals with punishment of one who has been proven guilty.

For example, if someone takes part in a murder, his punishment is death. Sections 299 and 300 of the Penal Code determine which is murder or murder and Section 302 of the Penal Code contains a detailed description of punishment.

But how this death sentence will be carried out, how the investigation will be conducted, in which court the case will have to be filed, the matter is under the jurisdiction of which court, etc are known to be the Code of Criminal Procedure.
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